5 edition of Persons: a study of possible moral agents in the universe. found in the catalog.
Persons: a study of possible moral agents in the universe.
|LC Classifications||BL254 .P8 1968|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ix, 145 p.|
|Number of Pages||145|
|LC Control Number||74356979|
Key works: Many of the issues in moral motivation dealt with in contemporary literature spring from Hume & Macnabb and Kant /More recently, Nagel , Korsgaard , and Smith address the source and structure of moral motivation and have spurred much of the subsequent literature. Herman provides a key starting point for contemporary discussion of the content of moral. More than Wright, Holmes ascribes to an ethic that involves rules as means for an external control on moral habit formation. He too, however, follows an Aristotelian emphasis on the Telos, goals in the ultimate human virtues: Courage, Self-control, Wisdom, and Justice; drawing in Aquinas's Faith, Hope and Love (which are so clearly drawn from Paul that one /5(18).
Another possible argument for the moral agency of angels, and thus their voluntary moral characters, is that the Bible has described angels who reproduced with mankind (Genesis ) producing a race of Giants (Genesis ). Yet the Bible says that the angels in Heaven neither marry nor are given in marriage (Matthew ; Mark ). In the Dr. Seuss book Horton Hatches the Egg, Horton promises to help Lazy Mayzie by sitting on her he makes the promise, he didn’t realize that Lazy Mayzie was going to be gone for weeks. From the Kantian point of view, discuss whether the fact that she “tricked” him into sitting on her egg excuses him from responsibility for caring for the egg.
Only persons can be moral agents. Persons are the only beings to whom moral agents have moral obligations. A person is a conscious being who is either actually or potentially capable of moral agency. Personhood is not a necessary condition for moral rights, it is only sufficient (Rawls, ). Our duties to animals are merely indirect duties to. (BPJ): A moral imperative ‘φ!’ in context C, based on rule L, is an authoritative requirement of social morality only if each normal moral agent has sufficient rea-sons to (a) internalise rule L, (b) hold that L requires φ-type acts in circumstances C and (c) moral agents .
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The worst news in this book is to be found in its last sentence. It tells us that another conference "focussed on psychological and epistemological issues in the development of concepts" is being planned.
ARMSTRONG University of Sydney PUCCETTI, Roland () Persons: A Study of Possible!VIoral Agents in the Universe. London: Macmillan. 50s. Abstract. When one reflects on the life of a person, it becomes immediately apparent that this can be done in two very different ways. One way is to look upon the person as a particular organism with a spatiotemporal history of its own; there the identity question is approached from the outside, so to speak, and differs not at all from questions about the identity of material objects Cited by: 5.
This book-blog develops a conception of a global ethics that attempts to describe an ethical framework for a global moral community that includes all living human beings, near and distant future generations, and all of those non-human living beings possessing moral status whose well-being and survival are deserving of moral consideration by human moral agents.
The existence of a law-like orderly universe is necessary in order for humans to exist and operate in it. The physical laws that govern the universe are a good and without them there would be no probability to guide us: no ability to predict what would happen when we act.
There could be no greater goods like moral goods as well. Moral Values require God because Atheistic naturalism cannot account for moral values. If naturalism is true we live in a valueless universe. Values are just illusions - nothing is really good or bad. Moral duties require God because According to naturalism, human beings are just animals; but animals do not have obligations to one another.
Genesis At the very beginning of the Book, God tells us what He is doing. His project, His work, began with the formation of man as a physical being in the bodily form of God, and it will not end until mankind is in the nature and character image of God.
To accomplish this, God gave men free moral agency to enable us to choose to follow His way and assist in the. Any suitably sophisticated moral agent would perceive the same moral facts and be motivated by them.
This strong objectivism is a minority position in contemporary ethics, but one that is gaining respectability – thanks in particular to recent work by the philosophers Thomas Nagel, T M Scanlon and the late Derek Parfit. This book is a concise, deep, challenging, and wide-ranging critique of philosophical it, philosopher J.P.
Moreland argues that there are several aspects of reality which naturalism. The current model of the origin of the universe argues against an infinite universe.
(The expanding universe is evidence of a cosmic singularity). Therefore, the universe must have had a cause for its existence. What kind of cause is the best explanation for the universe: event or agent causation.
Maintain that objective moral truths exist that are true for all humans, regardless of beliefs or cultural norms. There are moral values that apply to all humans and may extend beyond humans. Morality is discovered and right or wrong is derived from principles that exist independently of an individual or society's opinion.
Arguing for a personal, moral, intelligent creator of the universe; not arguing for every attribute of God. they are about something’s moral worth: love, persons, happiness Moral Duties.
Evil that occurs as the result, either directly or indirectly, of the choice of a moral agent. Natural Evil. his book Glimpses of a Strange Land.2 Rodd's thesis is that the moral universe of ancient Israel is a 'strange land' and that the entire The concept of the person as a free moral agent is obliterated.
Human beings become purely reactive crea Klein in her study The Triumph of Irony in the Book of Judges Klein IS. I recall the great philosopher Frederick Copleston once commenting that a single human person is worth more than the entire physical universe put together.
That is self-evidently true: a moral agent like a human person has intrinsic moral value, whereas mere matter and radiation, no matter how much of it, is morally neutral, having no intrinsic.
the level of moral agency at which a person employs no more than his capability (a) of making a free choice without constraint or compulsion fideistic this approach to religious beliefs are a matter of the heart (faith) and not the matter of the head (reason).
the initial conditions of the universe, each of which we shall explore in Section 2. As will become clear in Sectionthe sort of life that is most signiﬁ cant for the argument is that of embodied moral agents, of which humans are one example. This chapter is a highly abridged version of an in-process book-length project in which.
But the plan of salvation made it possible for man again to be brought into harmony with God, and to render obedience to His law, and for both man and the earth to be finally redeemed from the power of the wicked one.
and make him a mere automaton. It is not God's purpose to coerce the will. Man was created a free moral agent. Like the. Some people want moral facts to exist outside of and apart from human beings.
Like people who want the position of the stars at our births to influence our personalities, they are just going to have to accept being disappointed. The world doesn’t work that way and never has. All the evidence of thousands of years of history confirms the fact.
Well, that’s exactly what this book is about. Its mainobject is to enable you to ﬁnd a Power greater than yourself which will solve your problem.
That means we have written a book which we believe to be spiritual as well as moral. And it means, of course, that we are going to talk about God. Here difﬁculty arises with agnostics. -The universe is orderly purely by coincidence or there is an intelligent agent involved in bringing about this orderliness Fine Tuning Argument -The basic elements that make up the structure of the universe are delicately set at exactly the correct setting in order for complex life forms to.
All human beings are persons. Being a human being, therefore, has crucial moral significance inasmuch as a person surpasses in value the entire material universe and is never to be considered as a mere means or object of use but is rather the kind of entity to whom the only adequate response is love.
Kant: The Moral Order Having mastered epistemology and metaphysics, Kant believed that a rigorous application of the same methods of reasoning would yield an equal success in dealing with the problems of moral philosophy.
Thus, in the Kritik der practischen Vernunft (Critique of Practical Reason) (), he proposed a "Table of the Categories of Freedom in Relation to .Humans are "condemned to be free".
Humans are determined by forces they cannot control to bear the burden of making genuinely free decisions. Humans are born into a world that is beyond control, and hence a choice about accepting this fate or choosing to move beyond it by consciously deciding to make meaning out of the meaningless universe.
(82) Evans suggests that “moral duties might have as a part of their function the goal of assisting us to become such [virtuous] persons.” (84) This seems right to me. Just as the musician gains skill through a disciplined practice schedule, so the moral agent gains virtue through a disciplined attention to moral s: 6.